Who is at risk of having diabetes?

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Who is at risk of having diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that can be passed on through genetics. Therefore, people with direct relatives such as parents, siblings, and siblings who are diabetic may be at increased risk of developing diabetes. If both parents have diabetes The next generation will have a 50 percent risk of developing the disease.

In addition to genetic inheritance There are also lifestyle behaviors that are another factor that may result in diabetes, such as people who are overhydrated, also known as being obese, people who don’t like to exercise, and people who have high blood fat. These groups of people are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Everyone has the same right to develop type 1 diabetes.

What factors increase the risk of diabetes?

There are many risk factors that cause diabetes. Part of it comes from genetics that is passed on from generation to generation. Until it comes to the ทางเข้า ufabet matter of daily life that we may not have paid attention to or forgotten. Let’s see what factors there are.

-About genetics As I said at the beginning, people who have immediate family, whether they are father, mother, siblings who are of the same pregnancy, are sick with diabetes. We, the next generation, have a higher risk of developing diabetes than the general population.

-People who are obese and overweight cause cells to become resistant to insulin.

-not exercising or exercise irregularly Because exercise will help us control our weight. It also helps make cells more sensitive to the use of sugar. It also helps with the metabolism of blood sugar well.

– Matters of race There is information that people of certain races have higher rates of diabetes than people of other races. For example, Asians and blacks are more likely to suffer from diabetes than people of other races.

-A matter of age The older you get The chances of having diabetes are increasing accordingly. That may come from the deterioration of the pancreatic cell function. or lack of exercise

-Having high blood fat

-Having high blood pressure

Complications caused by diabetes

Diabetes is considered a chronic disease that changes the walls of blood vessels. This results in the blood vessels becoming hard or constricted. If the blood vessels in any organ of the body are hard or narrow, it will cause disease in that organ. As can be seen, diabetes is the starting point that causes complications in every system, including the system. Nerves, eyes, kidneys, kidneys, heart and blood vessels, skin and oral cavity, etc.

Symptoms of people with diabetes

If discuss in general terms, the symptoms of people with diabetes include frequent urination. There is a loss of weight, often hunger, sometimes fatigue. Due to high blood sugar Now let’s take a deeper look at what additional symptoms people with diabetes can show.

In normal people who are not diabetic, before eating breakfast their blood sugar level will be only 70 – 110 mg%. After eating breakfast for about 2 hours, their blood sugar level will not exceed 70 – 110 mg%. 140 mg%, which with low sugar levels may not show any symptoms. For the diagnosis of diabetes, it can done by drawing blood. There symptoms that are commonly found as follows:

-Normal people who are not diabetic usually do not get up to urinate in the middle of the night. or urinating very much no more than 1 time. Which when the sugar level in the bloodstream exceeds 180 mg%. The sugar will be excreted through the urine. This causes frequent urination and loss of fluid. You may also find that your own urine contains ants.

-People with diabetes are often thirsty. This is due to the need to replace water that the body excretes through urine.

-Feeling tired Weight loss occurs because the body is unable to use available sugar. Therefore, the protein and fat parts were decompose.

-Patients are often hungry and eat well. But on the contrary Body weight will continue to decrease. It occurs because the body is unable to use sugar for energy. Therefore, energy is broken down from fat and protein from muscles instead.

-Other symptoms that encounter include infection, slow healing of wounds, or itching in various parts of the body.

– Itching occurs on the skin. have a fungal infection Especially in the vaginal area of ​​women. Other causes of itching may be from overly dry skin. or have inflammation of the skin

-Vision is not clear. Blurred vision to the point of needing to change glasses frequently. This may be due to vision changes such as nearsightedness, cataracts, or high blood sugar.

– Numbness in various parts, no feeling, pain in the arms and legs, sexual dysfunction. due to long-term high blood sugar levels As a result, the nerves deteriorate. It’s easy to get foot ulcers. because there is no feeling

-Vomiting may occur.

When the sugar level in the bloodstream is high and diabetes has been present for a while.

There may complications with small blood vessels call Microvascular. If this complication occurs it can cause kidney disease, diabetes in the eyes. In addition, if large arteries harden. It is call Macrovascular. That will cause coronary artery disease, paralysis, and narrowed arteries in the legs. It will also cause inflammation of the nerve endings, call Neuropathic. Which causes numbness in the legs and muscle weakness. and the autonomic nerves can deteriorate

If you have these symptoms Combined with eating habits that are not careful about starch and sugar, you may assume that you are at a high chance of having diabetes. Therefore, you should immediately see a doctor for a thorough examination. and continue treatment